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Human Body Parts And Functions In Tamil Pdf Free

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Human Body Parts And Functions In Tamil Pdf Free

Human Body Parts and Functions in Tamil

The human body is a complex and amazing biological machine. It consists of many different parts and systems that work together to perform various functions. In this article, we will learn about some of the major parts and systems of the human body and their functions in Tamil.

Skeletal System

The skeletal system is made up of 206 bones that provide support, movement, protection, blood cell production, calcium storage and endocrine regulation[^4^]. The skeletal system is divided into two parts: the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton includes the skull, the vertebral column, the rib cage and the sternum. The appendicular skeleton includes the pectoral girdle, the upper limbs, the pelvic girdle and the lower limbs.

In Tamil, some of the common terms for the skeletal system are:

Bone - ààààààªà (elumpu)

Skull - ààààààààà (talaikkÅáu)

Spine - àààààà (mutuku)

Rib - àµàààààà (vilanku)

Sternum - àààààààààààà (maruntakkÅáu)

Pelvis - ààààªààªà (ituppu)

Arm - àà (kai)

Leg - àààà (kÄl)

Vital Organs

The vital organs are essential for survival and include the brain, the heart, the lungs, the liver and the kidneys. The brain is the control center of the body that communicates with other organs via hormones and nerves. The heart pumps blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients and removing waste. The lungs extract oxygen from the air and send it to the blood. The liver detoxifies chemicals, breaks down drugs, filters blood, secretes bile and produces clotting proteins. The kidneys eliminate waste and excess fluid from the body and make urine.

In Tamil, some of the common terms for the vital organs are:

Brain - àààà (mÅáai)

Heart - ààààà (itayam)

Lung - àààà (nurai)

Liver - àààà (Äral)

Kidney - àààààààààà (ciáunÄrakam)

Reproductive System

The reproductive system allows humans to reproduce and bear children. The male reproductive system includes the penis and the testes, which produce sperm. The female reproductive system includes the vagina, the uterus and the ovaries, which produce eggs. During conception, a sperm cell merges with an egg cell, creating a fertilized egg that implants and grows in the uterus.

In Tamil, some of the common terms for the reproductive system are:

Penis - ààààààà (Äákuái)

Testis - àµàààà ààààªààªà (viriya uáuppu)

Vagina - àªààààààà (peákuái)

Uterus - ààààªààªà (karuppai)

Ovary - àààààààà (muttirai)

Integumentary System

The integumentary system is also known as the skin, but it also includes the hair and nails. This is the body's largest organ, covering about 1.5 to 2 square meters of surface area. The skin protects the body from external factors such as pathogens, chemicals, sunlight and temperature changes. The skin also helps to regulate body temperature and eliminate waste via perspiration. The skin consists of three layers: the epidermis, the dermis and the hypodermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer that contains keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells and Merkel cells. The dermis is the middle layer that contains blood vessels, nerves, hair follicles, sweat glands and sebaceous glands. The hypodermis is the innermost layer that contains adipose tissue and connective tissue.

In Tamil, some of the common terms for the integumentary system are:

Skin - àààà (tÅl)

Hair - àààà (muái)

Nail - àààà (nakam)

Epidermis - àààààà àµààààªààªàà à…àààààà (tÅliá vÄáippuáa aáukku)

Dermis - àààààà ààààà à…àààààà (tÅliá uááaka aáukku)

Hypodermis - àààààà àààààªààªàà à…à


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